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1. by + doing 通过……方式 如:by studying with a group

by 还可以表示:“在…旁”、“靠近”、“在…期间”、“用、”“经过”、“乘车”等

  如:I live by the river. I have to go back by ten o’clock.

The thief entered the room by the window. The student went to park by bus.

2. 九年级英语知识点talk about 谈论,议论,讨论 

如:The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们常常在课后讨论电影。

talk to sb.===talk with sb. 与某人说话

3. 提建议的句子:

  ①What/ how about +doing sth.?

           如:What/ How about going shopping?

②Why don’t you + do sth.? 如:Why don’t you go shopping?

③Why not + do sth. ? 如:Why not go shopping?

④Let’s + do sth. 如: Let’s go shopping

⑤Shall we/ I + do sth.? 如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

4. a lot 许多 常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

5. too…to 太…而不能 常用的句型 too+ + to do sth.

如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法




 形式。如: He read the story aloud to his son.


  ②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk,


  She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。


含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。如: He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

7. not …at all 一点也不 根本不 如:

I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all.


not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

8. be / get excited about sth.

===be / get excited about doing sth.

===be excited to do sth. 对…感兴奋 如:

I am / get excited about going to Beijing.===

I am excited to go to Beijing. 我对去北京感到兴奋。

9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,结束做某事 如:

The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而结束。

② end up with sth. 以…结束 如:

The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。

10. first of all 首先

. to begin with 一开始

later on 后来、随

11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间

either 也(用于否定句)常在句末

too 也 (用于肯定句) 常在句末

12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

  make a mistake 犯一个错误 如: I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。

13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 如:Don’t laugh at me!不要取笑我!

14. take notes 做笔记,做记录

15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…乐意做… She enjoys playing football.她喜欢踢足球。

enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人

17. make up 组成、构成

18. one of +(the+ 形容词比较级)+名词复数形式 …其中之一

如: She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受欢迎的教师之一。

19. It’s +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth. (对于某人来说)做某事…

如:It’s difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。

句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English

20. practice doing 练习做某事 如:

She often practice speaking English. 她经常练习说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决定做某事 如:

LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决定去北京。

22. unless 假如不,除非 引导条件状语从句

如:You will fail unless you work hard..假如你不努力你会失败。

I won’t write unless he writes first. 除非他先写要不我不写

23. deal with 处理 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.

24. worry about sth. 担心某人/ 某事

如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈刚才担心他的儿子。

25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气 如:I was angry with her. 我对她生气。

26. perhaps===maybe 也许

27. go by (时间) 过去 如: Two years went by. 两年过去了。

28. see sb. / sth. doing 看见某人正在做某事 强调正在发生

see sb. / sth. do 看见某人在做某事 如:

如: She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom.她看见他正在教室里画画。

29. each other 彼此

30. regard… as … 把…看作为…. 如:

 The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many 许多 修饰可数名词 如:too many girls

   too much 许多 修饰不可数名词 如:too much milk

much too 太  修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful

32. change… into… 将…变为… 

  如:The magician changed the pen into a book. 这个魔术师将这本书变为一本书。

33. with the help of sb.==with one’s help 在某人的帮助下

如:with the help of LiLei==with LiLei’s help 在李雷的帮助下

34. compare … to … 把…与…相比 

  如:Compare you to Anna, you are lucky.你和安娜相比,你是幸运的。

35. instead 代替 用在句末,副词(字面上常不译出来)

instead of sth. / doing sth. 代替,而不是 用在句中,动词

  如:Last summer I went to Beijing. This year I’m going to Shanghai instead.

去年夏天我去北京, 今年我将要去上海。

    I will go instead of you. 我将代替你去。

    He stayed at home instead of going swimming. 他呆在家里而不是去游泳。


1. used to do sth. 过去常常做某事

 否定形式: didn’t use to do sth. / used not to do sth.

 如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他过去常常踢足球。

Did he use to play football? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.

He didn’t use to smoke. 他过去不吸烟。

2. 反意疑问句

  ①肯定陈述句+否定提问 如:Lily is a student, isn’t she?

Lily will go to China, won’t she?

  ②否定陈述句+肯定提问 如:

         She doesn’t come from China, does she?

         You haven’t finished homework, have you?

  ③提问部分用代词而不用名词 Lily is a student, isn’t she?

  ④陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等。其反意疑问句用肯定式。 如:

  He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?

  They hardly understood it, did they?他们几乎不明白,不是吗?

3. play the piano 弹钢琴

4. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣

   ②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣

如:He is interested in math, but he isn’t interested in speaking

     English. 他对数学感兴趣,但是他对说英语不感兴趣。

5. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人

interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物

6. still 仍然,还 

  用在be 动词的后面 如:




1. The accident d______ the train for two hours.

2. Their goal was to make safe drinking water a______ to everyone.

3. Many disasters such as earthquakes cannot be f______.

4. Environmental groups are s______ of the government's claims that the environment is improving.

5. The theory of e_____ was put forward by Charles Darwin.

6. One of the great d_________ to living on a main road is the constant noise.

7. The organization is calling for volunteers to help _________ life necessities to people in the flood-stricken area.

8. He ______ (终于) escaped and made his way back to England.

9. Women make up only a small __________(百分率、百分比) of the prison population.

10. Have you got an ______ (其它的、可选择的) suggestion?

1. delayed 2. accessible 3. foreseen 4. sceptical 5. evolution 6.drawbacks

7.distribute 8. eventually 9.percentage 10. alternative


contribute to benefit from keep pace with wind up have access to

be absorbed in keep in touch with keep a record of be composed of make important breakthroughs in

1. Your suggestion has greatly ____________ the accomplishment of our work.

2. Bank loans during the prosperity decade did not ______________ the rising level of economic activity.

3 .Our class ___________________ 15 boys and 40 girls.

4. Many divorced fathers only _______________ their children at weekends.

5. With mobile phones, we can ____________________ others wherever we are.

6. Who is likely to__________________ the new tax laws?

7. Could you ________ the clock ________, please?

8. Listen to the speaker carefully and ___________________ what he says.

9. The girl sat quietly in the classroom, ________ in her book.

10. An American, Philo Farnsworth,__________________________ the development of TV in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

1.contributed to 2.keep pace with composed of 4.have access to

5.keep in touch with 6.benefit from 7. wind… up 8.keep a record of

9 absorbed in 10. Make important breakthroughs in


1. 人造卫星使得远距离传输直播电视节目成为可能。

Man-made satellites ______ ______ TV programs to be broadcast over vast distances.

2. 直到老师回来我们才开始做练习。

It was _____ _______ the teacher came back that we began to do the exercise.


I have a bit of a cold. It’s _______ much, _______.


In the last _______, advances in medical technology have made______ possible for people to live longer than in the past.


It is ________ that regular exercise is a key _________ of a healthy life.


After_______ studied abroad for many years ,he has _______ himself to the way of life in the USA


I _______answering you ______ to pressure of work.

1. allow live

2. not until

3. nothing, though.

4. decades,it

5. olear/obvious/apparent/plain,component

6. having adapted/adjusted



The police received a report that six men had stopped a truck. It was carrying some goods and two bags full of something (1) _____. The six men had gone (2) _____ the police arrived. After (3) _____ for three hours the (4) _____ found the truck near the river. The driver was sitting on a (5) _____ in the truck and his hands were (6) _____ behind his back. The robbers had put a handkerchief into his mouth (7) _____ he couldn’t shout. The police climbed into the back of the truck and freed(松绑) the (8) _____. They asked him (9) _____ had happened.

“I was stopped soon after I felt the bank,” the driver explained. “Six men (10) _____ me and made me (11) _____ to the river. ‘(12) _____ you shout,’ one of the men said, ‘we will (13) _____ you.’ When I got near the river, they tied me up. Then they threw me into the (14) _____ of the truck. There were two bags in it and they took (15) _____ of them.”

“How many (16) _____ did the bag contain?” a police officer asked.

“It didn’t contain (17) _____ money at all,” the driver (18) _____. “It was full of letters. (19) _____ one contains all the money. I’ve been sitting on it for (20) _____!”

1. A. important B. expensive C. mysterious D. dangerous

2. A. after B. since C. before D. once

3. A. waiting B. searching C. asking D. inspecting

4. A. driver B. robber C. banker D. police

5. A. chair B. floor C. bag D. seat

6. A. wrapped B. tied C. crossed D. put

7. A. so that B. so C. because D. unless

8. A. robbers B. driver C. seat D. goods

9. A. what B. that C. how D. whether

10. A. invited B. stopped C. noticed D. waited for

11. A. drive B. walk C. return D. swim

12. A. Unless B. If C. As if D. Whether

13. A. tie B. kill C. search D. hide

14. A. darkness B. windows C. front D. back

15. A. all B. one C. neither D. both

16. A. dollars B. checks C. bills D. letters

17. A. no B. some C. any D. much

18. A. cried B. laughed C. insisted D. nodded

19. A. This B. No C. Each D. That

20. A. half an hour B. an hour C. three hours D. two hours



James Langston Hughes finally arrived in New York on September 4, 1921 to attend Colombia University. Langston felt frustrated at Colombia due to the discrimination of his white classmates. His grades began to suffer and finally he left and looked for a job.

Jobs were still hard to come by for most blacks. He longed to work on a ship that would sail abroad. After much persistence, he headed to Africa on a freighter(货船). Hughes was disturbed by the African tribes’ lack of political and economical freedom. The Africans considered him white because of his brown skin and stranded dark hair. It was here that he met a mulatto(白黑混血) child who was ignored by the Africans and the whites. This was a source of inspiration for his play, “Mulatto”.

Hughes found work on another freighter and ended up in Pairs. While there he worked at a night club that featured southern cooking and jazz performers. While moving on to Italy, Hughes was robbed and left stranded (helpless) wanting to return to



模块五 Unit3 Grammar








The books, written by Lu Xun (=which was written by Lu Xun),are popular with many Chinese people.


fallen leaves(落叶) newly --arrived goods(新到的货)

the risen sun(升起的太阳)the changed world(变了的世界)





There are many fallen leaves on the ground.

This is a book written by a peasant.

boiled water 开水 spoken English口头英语



最常见的有:delighted, disappointed, discouraged, drunk, amused, astonished, interested, crowded, tired , satisfied, pleased, surprised, worried, excited, married, puzzled, upset 等。

I was pleased at the news. (表示主语的心理感觉)

The door remained locked.(表示主语所处的状态)


作宾补的过去分词一般都来自及物动词,和宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系。可以带过去分词作宾语补足语的有:feel,think,find,see, hear, notice, watch等表示感觉和心理状态的动词和have, make,get等使役动词,以及with的复合结构。


I often hear the song sung in English.

He's going to have his hair cut.

She found the door closed.

I must get my bike repaired.

He was trying to make himself understood.

He sat there, with his hands tied behind.


One of the glasses was found broken.

They should be kept informed of the situation there.




Inspired by her example, the league members worked even harder.

The professor came in , followed by a group of young people.

Mr. Green, deeply moved, thanked us again and again.



Deeply moved by the story, the excited people stopped quarrelling

with each other.

The children soon feel asleep, exhausted by the journey.


Seen from the hill, the park looks very beautiful.

Once published, this dictionary will be very popular!


United, we stand; divided, we fall.

Given more time, we could do it much better.


If heated, water can be turned into steam.


Exhausted by the running, they went on running after the robber.


Laughed at by many people, he continued his study.


The old man went into the room, supported by his wife.

Seated at the table, my father and I were talking about my job.



Heated, water changes into steam.

She turned away, disappointed.



The boy rushed into the classroom, his face covered with sweat.

(=… and his face was covered with sweat.)

All things considered, your article is of greater value than hers.

2. 动词have后所接的三种宾语补足语:

have somebody/something do something

不定式作补语必须省去to, 不定式动作由宾语发出,表示一次性的动作。如:

I had the workers do the job for me.

Jim often has his father help him with his homework.

have somebody /something doing something


They had the machine working all the time.( 他们让机器一直工作着。)

We won’t have the child talking to his mother like that.


have somebody/something done



He had his hair cut yesterday.


He had his leg broken in the match last month.

3. 非谓语动词的被动式作定语的三种形式:

the bridge to be built 将要建造的桥 (表示将来的动作)

the bridge being built 正在建造的桥 (表示正在进行的动作)

the bridge built 造好的桥 (表示完成的动作)

4. 过去分词和–ing分词作表语的区别:


They were frightened to hear the frightening sound.


At the sight of the moving scene, all the people present were moved to tears.



amusing, amused; encouraging, encouraged; disappointing, disappointed; exciting, excited;

puzzling, puzzled; satisfying, satisfied; worrying, worried; tiring, tired; pleasing, pleased;

interesting, interested; astonishing, astonished等。

5. 过去分词和–ing分词作定语的区别:


boiled water开水 boiling water正沸腾的水

developed countries发展的国家 developing countries发展中国家

fallen leaves落叶 falling leaves 正在飘落的叶子

changed condition改变了的情况 changing condition变化着的情况





1.Mr Smith, ____ of the ____ speech, started to read a novel.

A. tired, boring B .tiring, bored C. tired, bored D. tiring, boring



2.____ time, he’ll make a first-class tennis player.

A .Having given B .To give C .Giving D .Given



The Town Hall ______ in the1800’s was the most distinguished building at that time.

A. to be completed B. having been completed

C. completed D. being completed


1. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work ________, he gladly accepted it.

A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished

2. The children went home from the grammar school, their lessons _______ for the day.

A. finishing B. finished C. had finished D. were finished


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